閱讀測驗是很多考生畏懼的英文題型之一,其實閱讀測驗的解題並不難,因為外國人寫文章都愛用破題法,只要看第一段即可知道文章大概在講什麼內容。在此篇文章的第一段中,有提到“The Tour de France” (環法自行車賽),所以文章一定跟環法自行車賽有關。只要耐心看完整篇文章,從文章中找線索,多讀、多練習,一定可以提升閱讀能力!


The Tour de France, which kicks off July 5, is a grueling test of

human endurance, a three-week 3,500km race stretched over 21

stages, nine of them in the mountains. But in some ways the modern

Tour is easier than races past. In the early 20th century, competitors

5
pedaled the dirt roads of France through the night on fixed-gear

bikes, evading human blockades, route-jamming cars and nails

placed on the road by fans of other riders. Between stages, teams

feasted on banquets and champagne; before climbs, they fortified

with cigarettes.

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The race was the brainchild of Henri Desgrange, a Parisian

magazine editor who launched it in 1903 with 60 riders in a bid to

boost circulation. It worked: Tour coverage helped Desgrange’s

magazine boom, and the race soon became more popular than he

could have dreamed. With fans lining the roads to see riders up

15
close, by the 1920s the Tour included more than 100 cyclists from

throughout Europe. But as the competition grew fiercer and the race

more commercialized, champagne and nicotine gave way to more

effective—and insidious—performance boosters. In 1967, British

rider Tom Simpson died midrace after taking amphetamines,

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prompting the event to adopt drug-testing. In 1998, authorities

disqualified the Festina team after finding the red blood cell-boosting

drug EPO in their car. The winner of the 1996 race, Bjarne Riis,

admitted in 2007 that he had used EPO, just months before Floyd

Landis became the first Tour winner stripped of his title on charges of

25
using synthetic testosterone in 2006. The Tour now tests athletes

rigorously—stage winners are screened daily—although the victor in

this year’s race will still be allowed a sip of champagne.

(  ) 1. Who was the first Tour winner stripped of his title on charges of using drugs?

(A) Henri Desgrange. (B) Floyd Landis. (C) Bjarne Riis. (D) Tom Simpson.

(  ) 2. According to the passage, which of the following statements is NOT true?

(A) The Tour de France is more than 100 years old.

(B) Fans used to put nails on the road in the past.

(C) American rider Tom Simpson died in the middle of the race.

(D) The Tour de France was the brainchild of Henri Desgrange.

(  ) 3. What was the original aim of the Tour de France?

(A) To boost the spirit of teamwork.

(B) To boost sport consciousness.

(C) To raise magazine circulation.

(D) To raise traffic circulation.

(  ) 4. Which of the following titles is the most appropriate one for this passage?

(A) A Brief History of the Tour de France

(B) Drugs in Sports

(C) Reasons behind the Success of the Tour de France

(D) Necessity is the Mother of Invention

英銘解析


英銘老師:閱讀測驗是很多考生畏懼的英文題型之一,其實閱題測驗的的解題並不難,因為外國人寫文章都愛用破題法,只要看第一段即可知道文章大概在講什麼內容。例如在此篇文章的第一段中,有提到“The Tour de France” (環法自行車賽),所以文章一定跟環法自行車賽有關。

第1題:誰是第一個因服用禁藥而被取消的冠軍?根據文章的第23行至第25行,可得知在2006年,Floyd Landis被指控使用合成睾酮素,因此成為第一個被剝奪巡迴賽冠軍頭銜的人,因此答案是(B)。

補充:

strip  v.  剝(去、光)、掠奪、拆卸  n. 細長片、脫衣舞    (always)

It was such a hot day that I decided to strip to the waist.

天氣這麼熱,所以我決定打赤膊。

The nobleman was stripped of all his privileges.

那貴族被剝奪了所有的特權。

Alicia got drunk and did a strip on top of the table.

Alicia喝醉了,在桌上大跳脫衣舞。

charge  v. n.  收費、控告    (always)

The lawyer charges $400 per hour.   這律師每小時收費400美元。

You can enjoy our pool with a small charge.

你可以用很少的費用享受我們的游泳池。

The prosecutor has charged Mr. Campbell with murder.

檢察官已經起訴Campbell先生犯有謀殺罪。

Peter was arrested on the charge of robbery. 

Peter因被控犯有搶劫罪而被捕。

更多完整內容 請至國考專門店 英銘國考英文周刊-No.67-閱讀測驗篇

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