閱讀測驗是很多考生畏懼的英文題型之一，其實閱讀測驗的解題並不難，因為外國人寫文章都愛用破題法，只要看第一段即可知道文章大概在講什麼內容。在此篇文章的第一段中，有提到“The Tour de France” (環法自行車賽)，所以文章一定跟環法自行車賽有關。只要耐心看完整篇文章，從文章中找線索，多讀、多練習，一定可以提升閱讀能力！
The Tour de France, which kicks off July 5, is a grueling test of
human endurance, a three-week 3,500km race stretched over 21
stages, nine of them in the mountains. But in some ways the modern
Tour is easier than races past. In the early 20th century, competitors
pedaled the dirt roads of France through the night on fixed-gear
bikes, evading human blockades, route-jamming cars and nails
placed on the road by fans of other riders. Between stages, teams
feasted on banquets and champagne; before climbs, they fortified
The race was the brainchild of Henri Desgrange, a Parisian
magazine editor who launched it in 1903 with 60 riders in a bid to
boost circulation. It worked: Tour coverage helped Desgrange’s
magazine boom, and the race soon became more popular than he
could have dreamed. With fans lining the roads to see riders up
close, by the 1920s the Tour included more than 100 cyclists from
throughout Europe. But as the competition grew fiercer and the race
more commercialized, champagne and nicotine gave way to more
effective—and insidious—performance boosters. In 1967, British
rider Tom Simpson died midrace after taking amphetamines,
prompting the event to adopt drug-testing. In 1998, authorities
disqualified the Festina team after finding the red blood cell-boosting
drug EPO in their car. The winner of the 1996 race, Bjarne Riis,
admitted in 2007 that he had used EPO, just months before Floyd
Landis became the first Tour winner stripped of his title on charges of
using synthetic testosterone in 2006. The Tour now tests athletes
rigorously—stage winners are screened daily—although the victor in
this year’s race will still be allowed a sip of champagne.
( ) 1. Who was the first Tour winner stripped of his title on charges of using drugs?
(A) Henri Desgrange. (B) Floyd Landis. (C) Bjarne Riis. (D) Tom Simpson.
( ) 2. According to the passage, which of the following statements is NOT true?
(A) The Tour de France is more than 100 years old.
(B) Fans used to put nails on the road in the past.
(C) American rider Tom Simpson died in the middle of the race.
(D) The Tour de France was the brainchild of Henri Desgrange.
( ) 3. What was the original aim of the Tour de France?
(A) To boost the spirit of teamwork.
(B) To boost sport consciousness.
(C) To raise magazine circulation.
(D) To raise traffic circulation.
( ) 4. Which of the following titles is the most appropriate one for this passage?
(A) A Brief History of the Tour de France
(B) Drugs in Sports
(C) Reasons behind the Success of the Tour de France
(D) Necessity is the Mother of Invention
英銘老師：閱讀測驗是很多考生畏懼的英文題型之一，其實閱題測驗的的解題並不難，因為外國人寫文章都愛用破題法，只要看第一段即可知道文章大概在講什麼內容。例如在此篇文章的第一段中，有提到“The Tour de France” (環法自行車賽)，所以文章一定跟環法自行車賽有關。
strip v. 剝(去、光)、掠奪、拆卸 n. 細長片、脫衣舞 (always)
It was such a hot day that I decided to strip to the waist.
The nobleman was stripped of all his privileges.
Alicia got drunk and did a strip on top of the table.
charge v. n. 收費、控告 (always)
The lawyer charges $400 per hour. 這律師每小時收費400美元。
You can enjoy our pool with a small charge.
The prosecutor has charged Mr. Campbell with murder.
Peter was arrested on the charge of robbery.