閱讀測驗是很多考生畏懼的英文題型之一,其實閱讀測驗的解題並不難,因為外國人寫文章都愛用破題法,只要看第一段即可知道文章大概在講什麼內容。在此篇文章的第一段中,有提到“storm” (暴風雨),“batter” (猛擊),所以文章一定跟暴風雨有關。只要耐心看完整篇文章,從文章中找線索,多讀、多練習,一定可以提升閱讀能力!


A slow-rolling series of storms that battered the American West

this week brought snowfall and high wind on Thursday to parts of

California, where weather-weary residents have already endured

lashing rain, heavy snowfall and a destructive tornado. Since the wild

5
weather began slogging ashore on Monday, five deaths in California

and two in Colorado have been blamed on storms. On Thursday, up

to a 1 foot (30 centimeters) of snow fell on Colorado mountains, and

northern Nevada was expecting as much as 7 feet (2.13 meters) on

top of the 2-3 feet (more than half a meter) that already had fallen.

10
Conditions were improving on Thursday in Arizona, as water levels

quickly fell in a Sedona-area creek that had fattened from a trickle

into a river of mud, forcing a dozen neighborhoods to evacuate.

Damage assessments were expected to begin on Thursday.

(  ) 1. What was NOT brought about by the storms that battered the American West?

(A) A tornado  (B) Rain  (C) Snow  (D) An earthquake

(  ) 2. In which state did the storms cause the greatest damage?

(A) Texas  (B) Colorado  (C) California  (D) Arizona

(  ) 3. According to the passage, the wild weather had taken _____ lives.

(A) five  (B) seven  (C) a dozen  (D) innumerable

(  ) 4. According to the passage, which of the following statements about the storms is true?

(A) No residents had to leave their homes for their safety.

(B) The actual cost of this disaster was evaluated and reported.

(C) Residents of the affected states remained upbeat throughout the terrible weather.

(D) The storms did not attack the east coast of America.

英銘解析


英銘老師:閱讀測驗是很多考生畏懼的英文題型之一,其實閱題測驗的的解題並不難,因為外國人寫文章都愛用破題法,只要看第一段即可知道文章大概在講什麼內容。例如在此篇文章的第一段中,有提到“storm” (暴風雨),“batter” (猛擊),所以文章一定跟暴風雨有關。

第1題:下列何者,哪一個不是襲擊美國西部的暴風雨所帶來的?根據文章的第3行至第4行,可得知居民已經忍受了猛烈打擊的豪雨,大雪和破壞性的龍捲風,只有地震沒有,因此答案是(D)。

補充:

lash  n.  鞭子(打)、(風、雨、浪等的)猛烈打擊、責難、眼睫毛   v. 鞭打、急速揮動、(風、雨、浪等的)猛烈打擊、斥責、激起       (always)

The landlord beat his slaves with a lash.

那地主用鞭子抽打他的奴隸。

Mrs. Richardson studied Corbin through her lashes.

Richardson太太眯着眼睛打量著Corbin。

The rain was lashing the log cabin.

雨點猛打小木屋。

The editorial lashed out at bureaucracy.

那篇社論猛烈抨擊官僚政治。

destructive  adj. 毀滅性的、有害的    (always)

One earthquake can be more destructive than two nuclear bombs.

地震的威力可能比兩顆核子彈更具毀滅性。

A locust is a kind of destructive insect.

蝗蟲是一種害蟲。

同義:damaging, harmful, devastating, detrimental, pernicious, baleful.

更多完整內容 請至國考專門店 英銘國考英文周刊-No.65-閱讀測驗篇

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