Why is the world producing so much garbage? Garbage is an
unavoidable result of consumption. And to __1__ the high standard of
living that has been reached in many industrialized countries, we
must continue to consume, as the consumption keeps the wheel of
industry turning. We use the rapidly disappearing natural resources of
the earth to feed the machines of industry, which __2__ produce
endless quantities of consumer goods. What we haven’t been able to
do, however, is to find a successful way to __3__ all the by-products
of industry and the products themselves when they are used up, worn
out, or outdated.
One of the biggest causes of the garbage problem is the world’s
exploding population. More and more people mean more and more
waste. Before the industrial revolution, when the world population
was very small, the problem of garbage did not exist. Whatever waste
was produced then could be absorbed by the earth without __4__
nature’s balance, but nature can no longer cope with the amount of
garbage that is currently being produced.
( ) 1. (A) contain (B) entertain (C) maintain (D) ordain
( ) 2. (A) by contrast (B) in turn (C) more or less (D) to the contrary
( ) 3. (A) take off (B) consist of (C) dispose of (D) put off
( ) 4. (A) corrupting (B) disrupting (C) retaining (D) sustaining
contain v. 包含、控制 (always)
This textbook contains a good glossary.
同義：include, embrace, cover.
entertain v. 使歡(娛)樂、款待、懷(抱)著、接受、準備考慮 (always)
Watching TV can entertain us.
Mr. Sharpton entertained his guests extravagantly.
Terrance will never entertain the idea of such an unsociable job.